Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is a perennial plant native to North America and Europe, it has pinkish colored flowers that grow from a tuberous root or rhizome. Harvested when the plant is two years old, the root contains a number of important compounds including valepotriates, valerenic acid, and other volatile oils. Valerian has long been used as an agent to soothe the nervous system in response to stress and as an inducer of restful sleep. Although other agents have been introduced in recent years which offer similar benefits, Valerian is still one of the most popular herbal preparations on the market and is widely used throughout Europe and Germany. It is important to note that Valerian has a strong odor, so much so that new customers may think they have a 'bad batch'. The 'disagreeable' odor is completely normal and should be expected. May support restful sleep Studies indicate that valerian may be involved in modulating brain activity May support healthy relaxation May be useful for relaxing the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal system Directions: Take one to two capsules 35-40 minutes before bedtime. Ingredients: Valerian root extract Cautions: If you are pregnant or lactating consult a health care practitioner prior to using Valerian. If you are taking valerian to support restful sleep, practitioners recommend reducing your dosage if morning sleepiness occurs. Valerian may cause drowsiness. Use caution when driving and performing tasks that require alertness. Valerian may increase the effects of alcohol. Searchables: Valerian, nervous system, valerian root, stress, restful sleep, smooth muscle, relaxation.